Belajar Bahasa Spanyol

VOWEL
a
like ‘a’ in “art”

e
like the ‘ay’ in “day”

i
like ‘ee’ in “see” or “deed”

o
like ‘ow’ in “low”

u
like ‘oo’ in “hoop”
CONSONAN
b
like ‘b’ in “bed”: boca

c
when followed by ‘e’ or ‘i’, like ‘c’ in “cell” (Latin America) or ‘th’ in “thin” (Spain): cine; otherwise like ‘k’ in “kid”: calle, doctor

ch
like ‘ch’ in “touch”: muchacho

d
like ‘d’ in “dog”: dedo

f
like ‘f’ in “fine”: faro

g
when followed by ‘e’ or ‘i’, like ‘ch’ in “loch” (general = heh-neh-RAHL), otherwise like “g” in “go” (gato). In the clusters “gue” and “gui”, the “u” is silent (guitarra), unless it bears a diaeresis, as in “güe” and “güi” (pedigüeño).

gu, gü
like ‘Gu’ in McGuire or ‘w’ in “wire” (agua, agüita)

h
silent: hora= or-ah

j
like ‘h’ in english: jamón

k
like ‘c’ in “cat”: kilo

l
like ‘l’ in “love”: lápiz

ll
like ‘y’ in “you” or, occasionally (in some parts of Latin America), like an english “j”: lluvia (“lluvia” could be both “you-vya” or “jew-vIA”

m
like ‘m’ in “mother”: mano

n
like ‘n’ in “nice”, and like ‘n’ in “anchor”: noche, ancla

ñ
like ‘ny’ in “canyon”: cañón, piñata

p
like ‘p’ in “pig”: perro

q
like ‘q’ in “quiche” (always with a silent “u”): queso, pronounced KAY-so.

r, rr

Spanish has two “r” sounds which are very different form their counterparts in most languages, and certainly very different from the English. As a result most English speakers lisp their r’s when they come to Spanish. However, if you use your native pronunciation it’s unlikely that people understand perro (dog) when you meant pero (but), and they may not understand you at all.
single flap r (ere)

Always written “r”, this sound is created by putting the tip of the tongue up against where the front of the roof of the mouth meets the upper teeth, very similar to the action English speakers make to pronounce l or t. This is not widely taught but can be practiced by anyone. Particular care should be taken when r appears after a consonant, eg in the word otro (other). tr is a particular sound in English, which if you use in Spanish will be an incomprehensible lisp. One must separate the two sounds out, as in wha(t) (r) rubbish, clicking the r properly.
rolled r (erre)

Written “r” at the beginning of the word, or after “l”, “n”, or “s” (ropa, enredo). Written “rr” between vowels (cerro). It’s a multiply vibrating sound. Whereas all English can learn to tap out a single r it seems that many adult non-Spanish speakers simply do not have the ability to vibrate the tongue in the way needed to pronounce rr.

s
like ‘ss’ in “hiss”: sopa

t
like ‘t’ in “top”: tapa

v
like ‘b’ in “bed”: vaca, pronounced BAH-kah. To distinguish v from b when spelling, one says v chica or b grande to know the difference.

w
like ‘w’ in “weight” in English words, whisky (pronounced WEESS-kee). Like ‘b’ in “bed” in Germanic words.

x
like ‘x’ in “sex” (sexo). Like ‘ss’ in “hiss” at beginning of a word (xilófono). Like ‘ch’ in “loch” in the words México, mexicano, Oaxaca, and oaxaqueño.

y
like ‘y’ in “yes”: payaso. Like ‘y’ in “boy”: hoy.

z
like ‘s’ in “supper” (Latin America), like ‘th’ in “thin” (Spain): zorro. See c above.
DIFTONG
ai, ay
like ‘eye’: baile

au
like ‘ow’ in ‘cow’: causa

ei, ey
like ‘ay’ in “say”: reina, rey.

eu
like “ooo” euro = “ooo-row”

ia
like ‘ya’ in ‘Kenya’: piano

ie
like ‘ye’ in “yes”: pie = “pee-yeh”

io
like ‘yo’: dio

iu
like ‘ew’ in few: ciudad = “see-you-thaad”

oi, oy
like ‘oy’ in “boy”: soy

ou
like ‘ou’ in “though”. Present only in foreign words: show

ua
like ‘wa’ in “wallet”: cuatro

ue
like ‘we’ in “well”: puedo

ui, uy
like ‘wi’ in “winter”: ruido

ui
like ‘ooy’: cuido = “coo-wee-dough”

uo
like “wa” in “water”: averiguo
Word stress can affect the meaning of the word and generally follows these rules:

If a word is marked with an accent, then that syllable receives the stress.

Additionally, if the accent marks a dipthong, a syllable break occurs between the two vowels of the dipthong.

If a word is NOT marked with an accent, then:

1. If the word ends in a consonant other than N or S, the stress occurs on the last syllable.

2. If the word ends in a vowel, N or S, the stress occurs on the next to last syllable.

Examples:

círculo (SEER-koo-loh)
circle
circulo (seer-KOO-loh)
I circulate
circuló (seer-koo-LOH)
(s)he/it circulated

estás (ehss-TAHSS)
you are
estas (EHSS-tahss)
these

origen (oh-REE-hehn)
origin
orígenes (oh-REE-hehn-ehss)
origins

ciudad (syew-DAHD)
city
ciudades (syew-DAH-dehss)
cities

An accent can also be used to differentiate between words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings:

si = if
sí = yes
tu = your
tú = you
mi = my
mí = me
el = the
él = he
BASIC
Hello (informal).
Hola. (OH-lah). For the formal equivalent of hola see good morning, good afternoon, good evening below.

How are you? (informal)
¿Cómo estás? (KOH-moh ehss-TAHSS?)

How are you (formal)
¿Cómo está usted? (KOH-mo ehss-TAH oo-stehd?)

Fine, thank you.
Muy bien, gracias. (mooey BYEHN, GRAH-syahss)

What is your name? (informal)
¿Cómo te llamas? (KOH-moh tay YAH-mahss?)

What is your name? (formal)
¿Cómo se llama usted? (KOH-mo say YAH-mah ooss-TAID?)

My name is ______ .
Me llamo ______ . (may YAH-moh _____ .)

Nice to meet you.
Encantado/a. (EHN-kahn-TAH-doh)

Please.
Por favor. (POHR fah-BOHR)

Thank you.
Gracias. (GRAH-SYAHSS)

You’re welcome.
De nada. (day NAH-dah)

Yes.
Sí. (SEE)

No.
No. (NOH)

Excuse me. (getting attention)
Disculpe. (dees-KOOL-pay)

Excuse me. (begging pardon)
Perdón. (pair-DOHN)

I’m sorry.
Lo siento. (loh SYEHN-toh)

Goodbye.
Adiós. (ah-DYOHSS)

Goodbye. (informal)
Hasta luego. (AH-stah LWAY-goh)

I can’t speak Spanish [well].
No hablo español [bien]. (noh AH-blow EHS-pahn-YOL [BYEHN])

Do you speak English?
¿Hablas inglés? (AH-blahss een-GLAYSS?) (informal); ¿Habla usted inglés? (AH-blah oos-TAID een-GLAYSS?)

Is there someone here who speaks English?
¿Hay alguien que hable inglés? (eye ahl-GYEN kay AH-blay een-GLAYSS?)

Help!
Ayuda! (ah-YOU-dah!); Socorro! (soh-COH-row!)

Good morning.
Buenos días. (BWAY-nohss DEE-ahss)

Good afternoon.
Buenas tardes. (BWAY-nahss TAR-dayss)

Good evening (when it’s dark)
Buenas noches. (BWAY-nahss NOH-chayss)

Good night.
Buenas noches. (BWAY-nas NOH-chayss)

I don’t understand.
No entiendo. (noh ehn-TYEHN-doh)

Where is the toilet?
¿Dónde está el baño? (DOHN-day ehss-TAH ehl BAHN-yoh?)
Leave me alone.
Déjame en paz. (DAY-hah-may en PASS)

Don’t touch me!
¡No me toques! (noh may TOH-kayss!)

I’ll call the police.
Llamaré a la policía. (yah-mah-RAY ah lah po-lee-SEE-ah)

Police!
Policía! (poh-lee-SEE-ah!)

Stop! Thief!
¡Alto, al ladrón! (AHL-toh ahl lah-DROAN!)

I need help.
Necesito ayuda. (ne-say-SEE-toh ah-YOU-dah)

It’s an emergency.
Es una emergencia. (ayss oo-nah AY-mayr-HEN-syah)

I’m lost.
Estoy perdido/a (ay-STOY payr-DEE-doh/dah)

I lost my purse/handbag.
Perdí mi bolsa/bolso/cartera. (payr-DEE mee BOHL-sa / BOHL-so / cahr-TAY-rah)

I lost my wallet.
Perdí mi cartera/billetera. (payr-DEE mee BOHLcahr-TAY-rah / bee-yay-TAY-rah; the last may also be said as beel-yay-TAY-rah)

I’m sick.
Estoy enfermo/a. (ay-STOY ayn-FAYR-moh/mah)

I’ve been injured.
Estoy herido/a. (ay-STOY ay-REE-doh/dah)

I need a doctor.
Necesito un doctor. (nay-say-SEE-toh OON dohk-TOHR)

Can I use your phone?
¿Puedo usar su teléfono? (PWAY-doh oo-SAHR soo tay-LAY-foh-noh?)
NUMBER
1
uno/a (OO-noh)

2
dos (doss)

3
tres (tress)

4
cuatro (KWA-tro)

5
cinco (SEEN-ko)

6
seis (SAISS)

7
siete (SYE-te)

8
ocho (O-cho)

9
nueve (NWAI-be)

10
diez (DYESS)

11
once (OHN-say)

12
doce (DOH-say)

13
trece (TRAY-say)

14
catorce (kah-TOHR-say)

15
quince (KEEN-say)

16
dieciseis (DYEESS-ee-SAYSS)

17
diecisiete (DYEESS-ee-SYAY-tay)

18
dieciocho (DYEESS-ee-OH-choh)

19
diecinueve (DYEESS-ee-NWAY-bay)

20
veinte (BAYN-tay)

21
veintiuno (BAYN-TYOO-noh)

22
veintidos (BAYN-tee-DOHSS)

23
veintitres (BAYN-tee-TRAYSS)

30
treinta (TRAYN-tah)

40
cuarenta (kwah-RAYN-tah)

50
cincuenta (seen-KWAYN-tah)

60
sesenta (say-SAYN-tah)

70
setenta (say-TAYN-tah)

80
ochenta (oh-CHAYN-tah)

90
noventa (noh-BAYN-tah)

100
cien (syehn)

200
doscientos (dos-SYEHN-tos)

300
trescientos (tres-SYEHN-tos)

500
quinientos (kee-NYEHN-tos)

1000
mil (MEEL)

2000
dos mil (dohss MEEL)

1,000,000
un millón (oon mee-YOHN)

half
medio (MAY-dyoh)

less
menos (MAY-nohss)

more
más (MAHSS)
TIME
now
ahora (ah-OH-rah)

later
después (day-SPWAYSS)

before
antes (ahn-TAYSS)

morning
mañana (mah-NYAH-nah)

afternoon
tarde (TAHR-day)

night
noche (NOH-chay)
Clock
one o’clock AM
la una de la madrugada; la una de la mañana (lah OOH-nah day lah mah-drooh-GAH dah; lah OOH-nah day lah mahn-YAH-nah)

two o’clock AM
las dos de la madrugada; las dos de la mañana (lahss DOHSS day lah mah-drooh-GAH dah; lahss DOHSS day lah mahn-YAH-nah)

ten o’clock AM
las diez de la mañana (lahss dee-AYSS day lah mahn-YAH-nah)

noon
mediodía; las doce de la mañana (lahss DOH-say day lah mahn-YAH-nah)

one o’clock PM
la una de la tarde (lah OOH-nah day lah TAHR-day)

two o’clock PM
las dos de la tarde (lahss DOHSS day lah TAHR-day)

ten o’clock PM
las diez de la noche (lahss dee-AYSS day lah NOH-chay)

midnight
medianoche; las doce de la noche (may-dee-yah-NOH-chay; lahss DOH-say day lah NOH-chay)
Duration
_____ minute(s)
_____ minuto(s) (mee-NOOH-toh(ss))

_____ hour(s)
_____ hora(s) (OHR-ah(ss))

_____ day(s)
_____ día(s) (DEE-aah(ss))

_____ week(s)
_____ semana(s) (say-MAH-nah(ss))

_____ month(s)
_____ mes(es) (MAYSS-(ayss))

_____ year(s)
_____ año(s) (AH-nyoh(ss))
Days
today
hoy (OY)

yesterday
ayer(I-air)

tomorrow
mañana (surely you know how to pronounce this word: mahn-YAH-nah)

this week
esta semana (EHS-tah say-MAH-nah)

last week
la semana pasada (lah say-MAH-nah pah-SAH-dah)

next week
la semana que viene (lah say-MAH-nah kay vee-AYN-ay)

Monday
lunes (LOOH-nayss)

Tuesday
martes (MAHR-tayss)

Wednesday
miércoles (mee-AIR-coh-layss)

Thursday
jueves (WHAY-vayss)

Friday
viernes (vee-AIR-nayss)

Saturday
sábado (SAH-bah-doh)

Sunday
domingo (doh-MEEN-goh) The week begins on Monday.
Months
January
enero (eh-NEH-ro)

February
febrero (feh-BREH-ro)

March
marzo (MAR-zo)

April
abril (ah-BRIL)

May
mayo (MAY-o)

June
junio (HOO-nio)

July
julio (HOO-lio)

August
agosto (ah-GO-sto)

September
septiembre/setiembre (se-TEE-YEM-bray)

October
octubre (ok-TOO-brey)

November
noviembre (no-VEE-YEM-bray)

December
diciembre (dee-CEE-YEM-bray)
Writing Time & Date
When speaking, times can be given in AM/PM form, but with adding de la mañana (morning), de la tarde (afternoon), de la noche (evening/night) or de la madrugada (late night) to distinguish between AM and PM. In other cases, times are rendered in 24-hour format, with a colon separating hours and minutes:

9AM
9:00
12:30 PM
12:30
1 PM
13:00
10 PM
22:00
2 AM
2:00

Dates are given in day-month-year form. All spoken and written, long and short forms follow this pattern:

October 3rd, 2003
3 de octubre de 2003
May 21st, 1997
21 de mayo de 1997

Day-month constructions (4 de julio, for example) are not usually abbreviated. In the rare cases than an abbreviation is used, the number of the month is not used, but its initial letter is. Usual examples are:

23-F
23 de febrero, date of a failed coup d’êtat in Spain (1981)
11-S
11 de septiembre, date of the attack to the Twin Towers (2001) (and of the Chilean coup in 1973)
COLOR
black
negro (NAY-groh)

white
blanco (BLAHN-koh)

gray
gris (GREESS)

red
rojo (ROH-hoh)

blue
azul (ah-SOOL)

yellow
amarillo (AH-mah-REE-yoh)

green
verde (BAYR-day)

orange
naranja (nar-AHN-hah), anaranjado (ah–nah-ran-HA-do)

purple
púrpura (POOR-poor-ah) , morado (moor-AH-do), violeta (vee-oh-LEH-tah)

brown
marrón (mah-RON) , café (kah-FAY), castaño (kah-STAN-yo)
TRANFORTATION
How much is a ticket to _____?
¿Cuánto cuesta un billete/pasaje a _____? (KwAHno kwEHSta oon beYEHta a ___)

One ticket to _____, please.
Un billete/pasaje a _____, por favor. (Oon beYEHta a _______, pour FAHvor.)

Where does this train/bus go?
¿A donde va este tren/bus?

Where is the train/bus to _____?
¿Donde está el tren/autobús hacia _____?

Does this train/bus stop in _____?
¿Para este tren/autobús en _____?

When does the train/bus for _____ leave?
¿Cuando marcha/parte/sale el tren/autobús hacia _____ ?

When will this train/bus arrive in _____?
¿Cuando llegará este tren/autobús a _____?
Directions
How do I get to _____ ?
¿Cómo puedo llegar a _____ ?

…the train station?
…la estación de tren?

…the bus station?
…la estación de autobuses?

…the airport?
…al aeropuerto?

…downtown?
…al centro?

…the youth hostel?
…al albergue juvenil?

…the _____ hotel?
…el hotel _____ ?

…the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate?
…el consulado de Estados Unidos/ Canadiense/Australiano/Británico/?

Where are there a lot of…
¿Dónde hay muchos…

…hotels?
…hoteles?

…restaurants?
…restaurantes?

…bars?
…bares?

…sites to see?
…sitios para visitar?

Can you show me on the map?
¿Puede enseñarme/mostrarme en el plano?

street
calle (CAH Yeh)(Mexico) CAH sjeh (Spain)

Turn left.
Gire/doble/da vuelta a la izquierda.

Turn right.
Gire/doble/da vuelta a la derecha.

left
izquierda

right
derecha

straight ahead
recto adelante , sigue derecho

towards the _____
hacia el/la_____

past the _____
pasado el/la _____

before the _____
antes de _____

Watch for the _____.
busque el/la _____.

intersection
intersección , cruce

north
norte

south
sur

east
este

west
oeste

uphill
hacia arriba

downhill
hacia abajo
Taxi
Taxi!
¡Taxi!

Take me to _____, please.
Lléveme a _____, por favor.

How much does it cost to get to _____?
¿Cuanto cuesta ir hasta/a _____?

Take me there, please.
Déjeme ahí, por favor.
Do you have any rooms available?
¿Hay habitaciones libres?

How much is a room for one person/two people?
¿Cuanto cuesta una habitación para una persona/para dos personas?

Does the room come with…
¿Tiene la habitación…

…bedsheets?
…sábanas?

…a bathroom?
…baño?

…a telephone?
…teléfono?

…a TV?
…televisión?

May I see the room first?
¿Puedo ver la habitación primero?

Do you have anything quieter?
¿Tiene algo un poco más tranquilo?

…bigger?
…más grande?

…cleaner?
…más limpio?

…cheaper?
…más barato?

OK, I’ll take it.
Muy bien, la tomaré.
I will stay for _____ night(s).
Me quedaré ______ noches(s).

Can you suggest other hotels?
¿Puede proponerme otros hoteles?

Do you have a safe?
¿Hay caja fuerte?

…lockers?
…taquillas? or casilleros?

Is breakfast/supper included?
¿El desayuno/la cena va incluido/a?

What time is breakfast/supper?
¿A qué hora es el desayuno/la cena?

Please clean my room.
Por favor, limpie mi habitación.

Can you wake me at _____?
¿Puede despertarme a las _____?

I want to check out.
Quiero dejar el hotel.
MONEY
Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars?
¿Aceptan dólares estadounidenses/australianos/candienses?

Do you accept British pounds?
¿Aceptan libras británicas?

Do you accept euros?
¿Aceptan euros?

Do you accept credit cards?
¿Aceptan tarjeta de crédito?

Can you change money for me?
¿Me puede cambiar dinero?

Where can I get money changed?
¿Dónde puedo cambiar dinero?

Can you change a traveler’s check for me?
¿Me puede cambiar cheques de viaje?

Where can I get a traveler’s check changed?
¿Dónde me pueden cambiar cheques de viaje?

What is the exchange rate?
¿A cuánto está el cambio?

Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)?
¿Dónde hay un cajero automático?
EATING
A table for one person/two people, please.
Una mesa para una persona/dos personas, por favor. (OO-nah MAY-sah pah-rah OO-nah pehr-SOH-nah / dohss pehr-SOH-nahs pohr fah- BOHR)

Can I look at the menu, please?
¿Puedo ver el menú, por favor? (PWAY-doh behr ehl meh-NOO pohr fah-BOHR?)

Can I look in the kitchen?
¿Puedo entrar a la cocina?

Is there a house specialty?
¿Hay alguna especialidad de la casa?

Is there a local specialty?
¿Hay alguna especialidad regional/de la zona?

I’m a vegetarian.
Soy vegetariano/a.

I don’t eat pork.
No como cerdo.

I only eat kosher food.
Sólo como comida kosher. (In a restaurant they will stare at you, since “kosher” is as Spanish as “empanada” is English.)

Can you make it “lite”, please? (less oil/butter/lard)
¿Puede poner poca aceite/poca mantequilla/poca grasa?

fixed-price meal
menú del día

a la carte
a la carta

breakfast
desayuno

lunch
comida (Spain, Mexico), almuerzo (South America)

supper
cena (everywhere), comida (South America)

I want _____.
Quiero _____.

I want a dish containing _____.
Quisiera un plato que lleve _____.

chicken
pollo. (POH-yoh)

beef
ternera (tehr-NEH-rah), vacuno (bah-KOO-noh), res (rehss)

fish
pescado (pehs-KAH-doh)

ham
jamón (hah-MOHN)

sausage
salchicha (sahl-CHEE-chah), vienesa (byeh-NAY-sah)

cheese
queso

eggs
huevos

salad
ensalada

(fresh) vegetables
verdura (fresca)

(fresh) fruit
fruta (fresca)

bread
pan

toast
tostada

noodles
fideos

rice
arroz

beans
alubias , porotos, frijoles, judías, habichuelas

May I have a glass of _____?
¿Me puede poner/traer un vaso de _____?

May I have a cup of _____?
¿Me puede poner/traer una taza de _____?

May I have a bottle of _____?
¿Me puede poner/traer una botella de _____?

coffee
café

tea (drink)

juice
zumo , jugo

water
agua

(bubbly) water
agua con gas (if you say agua, is without gas); Agua mineral is bottled water with gas, unless you ask for agua mineral sin gas.

beer
cerveza

red/white wine
vino tinto/blanco

May I have some _____?
¿Me puede dar un poco de _____?

salt
sal

black pepper
pimienta

butter
mantequilla , manteca (in Argentina)

Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
¡camarero!, ¡mesero! (preferred)

I’m finished.
He acabado, terminé (The first phrase can refer to the finishing of a completely unrelated physiological activity)

It was delicious.
Estaba delicioso.

Please clear the plates.
Puede llevarse los platos.

The check, please.
La cuenta, por favor.

Note that in Chile you must ask for the check. A gringo was known to have waited until 2 in the morning because he was too shy to ask🙂
SHOPIING
Do you have this in my size?
¿Tiene esto de mi talla?

How much is this?
¿Cuánto cuesta?

That’s too expensive.
Es demasiado caro.

Would you take Visa/American dollars?
¿Aceptan Visa/dólares?

expensive
caro

cheap
barato

I can’t afford it.
Es muy caro para mí.

I don’t want it.
No lo quiero.

You’re cheating me.
Me está engañando.

I’m not interested.
No me interesa.

OK, I’ll take it.
De acuerdo, me lo llevaré.

Can I have a bag?
¿Tiene una bolsa?

Can you ship it to my country?
¿Puede enviarlo a mi país?

I need…
Necesito…

…batteries.
…pilas.

…cold medicine.
…medicamento para el resfriado.

…condoms.
…preservativos/condones.

…English-language books.
…libros en inglés.

…English-language magazines.
…revistas en inglés.

…an English-language newspaper.
…un periódico/diario en inglés.

…an English-Spanish dictionary.
…un diccionario inglés-español.

…pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen)
…medicamento para el dolor (Aspirina, Ibuprofeno).

…a pen.
…un bolígrafo.

…postage stamps.
…sellos/estampillas.

…a postcard.
…una postal.
DRIVNG
I want to rent a car.
Quiero alquilar un coche.

Can I get insurance?
¿Puedo contratar un seguro?

STOP (on a street sign)
STOP (Spain), ALTO (México), PARE (Chile, Argentina, Perú)

one way
dirección única

no parking
no aparcar , no estacionar

speed limit
límite de velocidad , velocidad máxima

gas/petrol station
gasolinera , estación de bencina (Chile)

gas/petrol
gasolina , bencina (Chile), nafta (Argentina)

diesel
gasóleo , diesel DEE-sel (Latin America), diésel (DYEH-sel) (Spain)
…a razor.
…una hoja de afeitar.

…shampoo.
…champú.

…stomach medicine.
…medicamento para el dolor de estómago.

…soap.
…jabón.

…sunblock lotion.
…crema solar.

…tampons.
…tampones.

…a toothbrush.
…un cepillo de dientes.

…toothpaste.
…pasta de dientes.

…an umbrella.
…un paraguas.

…writing paper.
…papel para escribir.
AUTHIORIZE
I haven’t done anything wrong.
No he hecho nada malo. (NOH ay AY-choh NAH-dah MAH-loh)

It was a misunderstanding.
Es un malentendido. (AYSS oon MAHL-ayn-tayn-DEE-doh)

Where are you taking me?
¿Dónde me lleva? (DOHN-day may YAY-bah?)

Am I under arrest?
¿Estoy arrestado/a? (ay-STOY AHRR-ay-STAH-doh/dah?)

I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen.
Soy ciudadano estadounidense/australiano/inglés/canadiense.

I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate.
Quiero hablar con la embajada/el consulado estadounidense/australiano/inglés/canadiense.

I want to talk to a lawyer.
Quiero hablar con un abogado. (KYAY-roh ah-BLAHR cohn oon AH-boh-GAH-doh)

Can I just pay a fine now?
¿Puedo pagar la multa ahora? (PWAY-doh pah-GAR lah MOOL-tah ah-OH-rah?)

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